The health outcome of pregnant women and their newborn child is influenced by many environmental factors. Maternal nutrition is one of the important factors that create a suitable environment for the developing fetus. In a systematic review, published in Nutrients Journal, the author concluded that the adherence to a Mediterranean Diet during pregnancy is associated with favourable health outcomes for both the mother and the developing fetus. Mediterranean Diet is “characterized by a high intake of fruits, vegetables, whole grain cereals, legumes, fish and nuts; low to moderate intake of dairy products and limited intake of red meats and red wine”. It is also characterized by a low percentage of saturated fats that are derived from animal foods and high percentage of unsaturated and polyunsaturated fatty acids that are derived from extra virgin olive oil and oily fish.
The main results in this systematic review are (1):
Keywords: Mediterranean Diet, pregnancy, maternal health, fetus